Private equity moves from pure-play to blended — What you need to know
Published on December 14, 2020 by Archana Kanojia
Good tactics can save even the worst strategy. Bad tactics will destroy even the best strategy.
- General George S Patton Jr.
The COVID-19 impact on the world economy
The coronavirus outbreak is slowly pushing economies into recession. The IMF expects the world economy to shrink by 4% in 2020, the lowest since the global depression of 1929. With 59.8m infections , we wonder what the recovery would be like and how long it will take for things to normalise
The following chart shows GDP data for the world and a few major economies from 1980 to 2020
Impact of lockdowns
In March 2020, WHO declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic, and governments across the globe were compelled to impose lockdowns and restrictions to contain the spread of the virus. This meant confining people to their homes and suspending economic activity. Some of the sectors worst hit by these measures were hospitality, real estate, oil and gas, transportation and apparel.
Winds of change:
Businesses were unprepared for the pandemic at first, but the digitalisation it led to made companies realise that they need to re-think their strategies to adjust to the new normal. However, with slow to zero economic activity and, thus, reduced cash inflow, they would need surplus cash to do so and modify operations.
The role and reaction of private equity firms
Erring on the side of caution:
A number of private equity (PE) activities were impacted by the pandemic. PE exits have halted, and PE firms are cautious about their investments. The pandemic has affected their risk-taking ability, given the uncertainty about the future of business, with return-on-investment or cashflow estimates no longer a safe measure by which to gauge or project the market value of an investment.
Just as PE firms shifted course earlier in the year, they have shifted course recently towards a more blended form of investing that would ensure a minimum return on investment, namely convertible preferred stock.
Examples of recent investments:
- In June 2020, US-based beauty company Coty Inc. sold USD750m worth of preferred shares to KKR, to finance its restructuring initiatives
- In May 2020, Apollo Global Management and Silver Lake Partners provided “anchor funding” to Expedia Group, in the form of USD1.2bn worth of perpetual preferred stock, for Expedia to strengthen its liquidity position
- In April 2020, KKR purchased USD500m worth of convertible preferred shares in US Foods Holding Corp. (a US-based firm providing catering services) to fortify its balance sheet until the situation improves
An emerging investing trend?
With valuations taking a hitamid the current scenario, PE firms have considered switching from pure-play equity to interest-bearing convertibles that have the potential to ensure a minimum return on investment. This could prove to be advantageous to PE firms:
A win-win scenario:
Create thriving enterprises:
Agreed, the times are tough and companies are struggling to survive. However, supporting them through a blended capital investment (and not entirely through equity since there is a risk element involved) could help them restructure their business operations and maybe flourish in the foreseeable future. This is where PE firms can play a critical role, as they are known to create thriving enterprises through appropriate capital injection.
Turn calamity into opportunity:
Adopting a blended investment approach can safeguard PE investments from the effects of an unexpected event, as having a convertible or fixed risk-adjusted investment plan could ensure some safety of return and depending on this, investments could be converted. Thus, the PE firm could continue with fundraising and investing, without having to worry about returns, even in a distressed scenario.
PE firms have significant amounts of capital and see an opportunity to deploy large chunks of it for good risk-adjusted returns.
How Acuity Knowledge Partners can help
We have a strong track record of assisting our global PE clients with a number services including portfolio valuation, portfolio management, collateral management, RFP services, and other PE verticals such as investor relations and business development.
For more relevant offerings, please visit our Solutions page.
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About the Author
Archana Kanojia started her career with Acuity Knowledge Partners in 2010. She currently assists client business development teams with proposal content, requests for proposal/requests for information, due diligence questionnaires, lead generation and consultant databases. Previously, she set up fund databases for funds of funds, analyzing private equity (PE) firms and their funds from an investment standpoint, and extended investment support to PE firms through industry studies, information memoranda and similar activities.
Archana holds a Post Graduate in Business Management with a specialization in Finance and Marketing from New Delhi Institute of Management, Delhi. She also holds a bachelor’s degree in Commerce (with honors) from Delhi University.